Commentaries Medium- English

S.O.S (Save Our Seas)

S.O.S (Save Our Seas).


How to Have a Green Thumb

How to Have a Green Thumb.

Devcom Medium- English The Brown Farmer

How to Have a Green Thumb

En okulerad stam. Foto: Användare:Chrizz
Image via Wikipedia

Having a green thumb is as easy as painting your thumb green.  Yes, it’s true.

Now, why paint your thumb green?


Now, why have a green thumb?


Now, why plant?


Now, why plant trees and other plants?


Plants breathe in what the members of the Kingdom Animalia breathe out and the members of the Kingdom Plantae breathe out what the animals including us (yes, you are an animal) breathe in.  Simply stated, plants breathe in carbon dioxide and breathe out oxygen.  We owe the plants for every breath we take.  We must pay them for every sigh we make.  Other wise, Mr. Global Warming will take his toll on us.  And that is without any terms… without any condition.

Secondarily, plants give us food.  We can directly eat them.  If we wish, we can exchange them for money to buy meat and satisfy our cannibalistic nature or acquire earthly materials to gratify our ethereal soul. In short, plants give us  means of living. Innovative uses of plants have recently broken through newspapers. That is another story.

Now, how can we have a green thumb?

People with green thumb are not born, they are trained. The instinct to love plants are already inherited but the traits and the skills are something we must learn.

The first thing we must be familiar with are the elements of earth, air, water and fire.

Earth. The soil. Different kinds of plant require different types of soil. Some strives in sand while some dwells in loam. Some prefers a combination. The amount of soil is also crucial. A farm necessitates a vast tract of land while indoors settle for a pot. Trees, of course need a lot, unless you really want a bonsai otherwise.  For those who propagate plants for ornaments, you will be amazed how the color of the leaves change as the acidity of the soil changes.

Air. Aerial plants obviously love air while some whither and die if frequently visited by gusty wind. Some just need enough to breathe. If you are doing aeroponic gardening, that is another story.

Water. Certain types of plant need certain amount of water.  Xerophytes like cacti can live with less while hydrophytes like water lily, quiapo and lotus love water. Mesophytes are neither xerophytes nor hydrophytes while phreatophytes have adapted that they grow large and long roots to sip water from the phreatic zone of the earth. Nowadays, phreatophytes are grown to purify contaminated underground water. That is another story. If you are doing hydroponic gardening, that is another story.

Fire. The sun. The temperature. The sunflower loves the sun while others hate it. If the plants wither and die under the sun, ceteris paribus, it is high time to put them into shade. It is a matter of trial and error.

Next.  How do we plant?

There are two means of plant reproduction, the sexual and the asexual.

The sexual method takes into account the male and the female reproductive structures of the plant.  A unisexual or imperfect flower is either functionally male or functionally female.  Male flowers possess only androecium (stamens) structure while female ones have only gynoecium (carpels, ovary) parts. Bisexual or perfect flowers have both. Hermaphrodites have both from the beginning while others undergo sex-switching upon passage of time. The fertilization process in the ovary gives way to the production of seeds which in turn and in time are used for propagation.

Asexual propagation does not take seeds as requisite. Common methods are cutting, layering or marcotting, grafting, using stolons or runners and division using storage organs.

Cutting or striking is simply taking stems out of the parent plant and replanting it in another medium.  Some tops are more appropriate to use while in some instances matured stems are preferred.

Layering or marcotting.  In ground layering, flexible stems are pinned down to earth to give way to new roots and to eventually cut the stem off the parent plant. In air layering, matured stems are peeled and cast with light lump of medium. Roots will soon grow and the new plant will be replanted in new medium.

Grafting is often used in fruit-bearing trees like mangoes. In grafting, a  matured scion with the desired trait is inserted or grafted into the often young stock. Grafting, per se is not a way of reproduction.  It is used to improve the strain of the plant.

Strawberries are propagated using stolons or runners. Stolons are similar to normal stems except they produce adventitious roots at the nodes that run horizontally rather than vertically.

The head of the garlic or onion is composed of multiple bulbs. Bulbs are the storage organs of this kind of plant.  Dividing or splitting them helps in fast reproduction. In case of ginger, rhizomes are used.

Post planting techniques. Once you see developing roots and once the plant takes hold of the earth, all we need to do is to monitor the elements- the soil, the air, the water and the sun.  This time, another element enters the niche- the heart.

We must treat the plants in the same way we treat any other God-given creature.  We must love Rose as much as we love Kitty.  We must take care of Acacia as diligent as we pet Doggy.  We must speak with Daisy as tender as we treat Baby.  We can talk to our plants and recent research (Discovery Channel : Sex, Drugs, Plants) shows that they talk back to us.  That is another story.

Commentaries Medium- English Rotary Family

S.O.S (Save Our Seas)

"The Blue Marble" is a famous photog...
Image via Wikipedia

It is important to save our seas. First things first, we want the future generation to enjoy its benefits as much as we enjoy them today. Earth has 326 million trillion gallons of water or in simplest form, about 70% of the planet is covered in ocean that has an average depth of 1,000 meters. We owe our existence to these great bodies of water. Just imagine life without them.

Seas in peril spells human lives in danger.  We jeopardize the survival of our future children each time we pose threat to the intricate ecosystem of the seas. The destruction of the seas manifests a thousand-fold effect on our lives. Such destructions will ultimately claim our lives in two ways. The seas will either perish by natural death or worse, they will overflow, flood (verb) and directly take us. 

The rise of the sea level, they say is due to the melting of the polar ice caps and glaciers. However, these frozen water account to only 1.6% of total water on earth. The increase is mainly due to the trash we produce. Whether we intentionally throw them to the bodies of water (whether or not expression is no longer acceptable), the garbage finds its way to the seas as dictated by the natural law.

Do you have any idea of how long will the garbage stay in the seas?

A piece of plywood dumped yesterday will stay in the sea till 2014. A cigarette butt thrown today will float till 2015.  The styrofoam cup we used in drinking coffee will decompose until 2029.  The tin can that was used to contain your favorite tuna meal will inhabit the sea till 2061. A plastic bottle stranded will stay till 2461 and a glass bottle will decompose until Year 1,002,011. This is according to the research done by the Ocean Conservancy the organization behind the annual International Coastal Cleanup.  The garbage threatens the lives of the marine resources. What will be left are “dead seas”.

How does the garbage make the sea level rise?

Archimedes Principle of Buoyancy

Prove it yourself! Imagine a bowl of water. Try to put a glass bottle. Does it float or does it sink? The glass bottle is denser than water. It sinks! Does the water level rise? Yes, the water level rises. How high or how much? Now, try to put a Styrofoam cup.  Does it float or does it sink? The styrofoam cup is less dense that water. It floats. Does the water rises. Yes, the water level rises. How high or how much  According to Archimedes Theory of Displacement or Buoyancy, an object that floats displaces the amount of water that has the same weight as the object. If it sinks, it displaces an amount of water that has less weight than the object. Believe it! It doesn’t matter whether the object sinks or floats. It definitely makes the water level higher.

Now, think big! Imagine the sea as a bowl of water.  Imagine how much garbage does the people of the earth produce.

We must act now.  An individual step can initiate a big group action. Do not patronize non-biodegradable products. The law of supply and demand states that as demand decreases supply decreases. Believe that the production of these hazardous materials will eventually stop. Participate in activities aimed on saving our seas. Join in the International Coastal Cleanup held every September of the year. You can even start an innovative way of saving our seas or our planet as a whole!

I will leave you with the following lines from Smashing Pumpkins Song- Apples +   Oranges.

What if the sun refused to shine?

What if the clouds refused to rain?

What if the wind refused to blow?

What if the seas refused to wave?

What if the world refused to turn?

What if the stars would hesitate?

Thank you!

Medium-Filipino Poems Random Thoughts

Ikaw at ang Iyong Numero



Ako’y unti-unti nang bumabangon

Umaakyat at dahan dahang umaahon

Kaya’t huwag na huwag kang tatawag

Kahit na pabulong

Dahil baka ako ay lumingon

At muling mahulog

Kung saan ka naroon

Tulungan mo ‘kong limutin ka

Ang nakaraan huwag nang ipaalala

Araw-araw  na laging masaya

Noong tayo ay magkasama

Tulungan mo ‘kong limutin ka

Itatak sa utak, wala nang pag-asa

Itato sa noo, wala na talaga

Dapat ka nang kalimutan, laging ipaalala

Itapon mo na ang iyong telepono

O kaya’y ipanakaw mo

Baguhin mo na pati numero

Huwag ipost sa facebook yung bago

Nang di ko na makabisado

Kung walang pambili magbibigay ako

Ililista sa tubig ang utang mo

Madaling kalimutan ang kung anu-ano

Pero mahirap kalimutan

Ikaw at ang iyong numero

Tulungan mo ‘kong limutin ka

Sabihing “Ikaw, sa aki’y di mahalaga”

Kung ito ay di uubra

Mabuti pa sigurong magka amnesia

Tulungan mo ‘kong limutin ka

Turuan mo ‘kong magmahal nang iba

Utusan mo ang isip ko at kaluluwa

Dapat ka nang kalimutan, laging ipaalala